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Sacral And Non-Sacral Slaughter According To The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the laws from the Temple Scroll. The biblical material which lies behind these prescriptions will be examined. The chapter explains how these laws relate to their biblical sources. It is worthwhile to summarize the approach of the author of the Temple Scroll to the biblical material in Leviticus 17 and Deuteronomy 12. Lev 17:1-9 was understood by the scroll as forbidding non-sacral slaughter within the distance of three days' journey of the Temple. Deut 12:5-7 was understood in the same way. These interpretations led the author/redactor of the Temple Scroll to a three-fold division regarding matters of slaughter. In the City of the Sanctuary it was forbidden to eat any meat which had been slaughtered outside. Within the boundary of three days' journey from the Temple it was forbidden to slaughter animals except in the context of שלמים sacrifices in the Temple.

Keywords: biblical text; Deuteronomy; Leviticus; Sanctuary; Temple Scroll



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