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The Theology Of The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

The Qumran sectarian documents speak of the revealed and the hidden Torahs, the נגלה and נסתר. The Temple Scroll takes a different view. This text assumes a one-time revelation at Sinai which includes both the written Torah plus the laws that the author regards as binding in addition. The Temple Scroll begins one or two columns before the extant first column, numbered col. 2. This column consists of the rehearsing of Exodus 34:10-16, which constitutes a covenant between God and Israel. This chapter encounters theological issues at the end of the sacrificial festival calendar. A final theological aspect of this scroll is the discussion of reward and punishment which occurs in column 59, a sort of rebuke passage which appears as part of the Law of the King. This passage has close parallels in the 4QMMT text which also appears in the context of addressing the king.

Keywords: God; Israel; Qumran Sectarian Documents; Sinai; Temple Scroll



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