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῾Ôlâ and Ḥaṭṭā᾿t in the Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

The term ʿÔlâ, literally referring to a sacrifice "which goes up," is usually translated as "burnt offering". The Torah set out various types of Ḥaṭṭā᾽t offerings for differing circumstances. This offering figures most prominently in the routine requirement that a male goat be offered as Ḥaṭṭā᾽t along with an ʿÔlâ on festivals and other special occasions. This chapter is part of a comprehensive study that seeks to penetrate the details of the sacrificial offerings and their regulations in the Temple Scroll. Only by carefully identifying and classifying the types of offerings and by analyzing their biblical basis will we be able to reconstruct the manner in which the author intended the sacrificial ritual of Israel to be conducted. He sought to reform the entire Temple and the conduct of its ritual, aiming to return to what, in his view, was the true intent of the Torah.

Keywords: Ḥaṭṭā᾽t; ʿÔlâ; biblical sacrifices; Israel; Temple Scroll; Torah

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