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Shelamim Sacrifices In The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

The Sacrificial Festival Calendar of the Temple Scroll expects that voluntary shelamim offerings of the type described in Leviticus 3 and 7 will be brought by Israelites. Further, the scroll requires the offering of lambs and rams as festive shelamim, similar to those required in tannaitic halakhah, at the first fruits festivals. In addition, the two lambs of shelamim for the festival of Shavuʿot, associated with the bringing of the first fruits in the Torah appear here as twelve lambs, to be offered by each tribe along with a basket of loaves. The shelamim sacrifice had played a prominent role in Israel's worship of God from time immemorial. The author of the sacrificial calendar of the Temple Scroll in setting out his ideal sacrificial system, saw fit to multiply the number of such offerings and to formalize the requirement of festive shelamim.

Keywords: God; Israel; Leviticus; sacrificial festival calendar; Shavuʿot; Shelamim sacrifice; Temple Scroll; Torah



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