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The Impurity Of The Dead In The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

Yigael Yadin took the עיר המקדשto be the entire city of Jerusalem, while B. Levine, following L. Ginzberg's analysis of the Zadokite Fragments, took this term to include only the Temple Mount. According to the Tosefta, one afflicted with the impurity of the dead was only excluded from the Temple itself, he מחנה שכינה, the camp of the Divine Presence. To the author of the Temple Scroll, the analogy with the laws of disqualification of priests taught him that such people were to be excluded from the City of the Sanctuary. The Temple Scroll now treats the impurity contracted by a house in which someone died and the effects of this impurity on people, foods and vessels which are in the house. Our law from the Temple Scroll differs in that it attempts to avoid the defilement of the land by restricting burial to designated cemeteries.

Keywords: dead fetus; Jerusalem; Temple Scroll; Yigael Yadin; Zadokite Fragments

10.1163/ej.9789004122550.i-610.166
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