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The Temple Scroll And The Nature Of Its Law: The Status Of The Question

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Chapter Summary

The Temple Scroll was first brought to the attention of Yadin in 1960 by Joseph Uhrig, a Virginia minister, who claimed it was in the hands of a Jordanian antiquities dealer. In Yadin's view, the Temple Scroll is extant in two other fragmentary Qumran manuscripts which he used in restoring parts of the text. The scroll presents itself as a rewritten Torah which begins with the renewal of the Sinaitic covenant of Exodus 34 and then turns to the building of the Temple in Exod 35. The language of the scroll indicated to Yadin that the text could not have been composed before the Hasmonean period. For Yadin, "the blatantly Qumran-sectarian nature of several laws" was further evidence for this dating. In his initial study of the Temple Scroll, Yadin assumed that it was part of the Qumran sectarian corpus and that it represented a text of Essene provenance.

Keywords: Exodus; Jewish law; Qumran manuscripts; Temple Scroll; Yadin



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