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Laws Of War In The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

The ancient Israelite concept of the holy war, so prominent in the period of the desert wandering and the conquest of Canaan, has its counterpart in the legislation of the Book of Deuteronomy. This chapter treats the laws of war as they appear in the Temple Scroll and compare them with other texts from the Qumran caves, and to tannaitic legislation. These analyses should be seen as a part of a larger study of this scroll which seeks to determine its relationship to the corpus of sectarian literature from the caves of Qumran. 11QT 57:1-5 requires that the people be mustered into military units immediately upon the ascension of a new king. 11QT 58:3-11 deals with the laws of defensive warfare. 11QT 58:11-15 details the distribution of the spoils of war. 11QT 58:15-21 contains the laws regarding an offensive war.

Keywords: Canaan; Deuteronomy; holy war; Qumran caves; tannaitic legislation; Temple Scroll



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