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Laws Pertaining To Women In The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

A variety of laws pertaining to women occur in the Temple Scroll. This chapter examines the following areas of legislation: entrance into the Temple, menstrual impurity, childbirth, king's marriage, polygamy and divorce, the beautiful captive woman, adultery of the betrothed woman, rape, incest and consanguineous marriage. It determines the exegetical basis for each of the laws it considers, and compares them to other sources from the Qumran corpus, Second Temple texts, and tannaitic literature. The king must fulfil a list of marriage regulations: He must marry a Jewish woman; his wife must be of his own clan and family; he may not take a second wife as long as she lives; and he may remarry if his wife dies. The Temple Scroll insisted that the king marry a born Jew. Leviticus 21:14 insists that the high priest marry a virgin, מעמיו, "from his people".

Keywords: marriage regulations; menstrual impurity; priest; Qumran corpus; tannaitic literature; Temple Scroll



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