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Miqṣat Ma'aśe Ha-Torah And The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

This chapter concentrates on a series of parallels between 4Q Miqṣat Ma‘aśe Ha-Torah (4QMMT) and the Temple Scroll. Concerning the eating of shelamim sacrifices, rejection of the Ṭevul yom, impurity of skins of animals slaughtered outside of Jerusalem, slaughter of pregnant animals, and the apportionment of the fourth year produce and animal tithes to priests, these texts are in virtually complete agreement. A number of other parallels not mentioned here might also have been cited. Further, the disagreements between these texts are minor. Once we realize that the 4QMMT text takes the "Sadducee" position, and that it, in turn, is closely related to the Temple Scroll, we must reopen the question of the relationship of the Sadducees to the Dead Sea sect. The Sadducean connection may also be a clue to the provenance of the Temple Scroll.

Keywords: Ṭevul yom; 4Q Miqṣat Ma‘aśe Ha-Torah (4QMMT); Dead Sea sect; Jerusalem; Sadducean documents; shelamim sacrifices; Temple priests; Temple Scroll



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