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Descriptions Of The Jerusalem Temple In Josephus And The Temple Scroll

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Chapter Summary

Studies on the descriptions of the Jerusalem Temple found in the works of Josephus have generally concerned the correspondence between those descriptions and the Second Temple as it stood in the last days before its destruction. In Ant. 8:95-98 Josephus described the area of the Temple precincts built by Solomon. The entire Temple precinct, in this description, was surrounded again with double porticoes that were beautifully roofed and were entered through silver doors. A description of the storied structures is found in Josephus's description of the Solomonic Temple. This description is based on his exegesis of the relevant biblical passages, which means that like the author of the Temple Scroll, he searched for sources in the descriptions of the Tabernacle in Exodus, the Temple of Kings and that of Ezekiel. Josephus, in describing the Herodian Temple of his own day mentions the chambers surrounding the Temple.

Keywords: Exodus; Ezekiel; Herodian Temple; Jerusalem; Josephus; Solomon; Temple Scroll



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