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From Ancien Régime To Bourgeois Society: France

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Chapter Summary

The middle strata of Bourgeois society tended to divide in two: the position of the majority declined, and that of armed soldiers rose, and feudal society was always masculine in structure. This stratum developed its particular behavioral norms and a collective biography. Through the transmission of tales of noble, courageous and pious knights, even the most sorry fellow who sat armed on his horse could see himself a descendant of these heroes. The regulation of urban freedom in the wake of the intensified fiscal power of the princes and kings resulting from war, increased the opportunities for the material and legal strengthening of the rule of the urban patriarchate. A structural feature of French political development was the destruction of the political and cultural hegemony of the nobility by the revolution. A remarkable number of citizens continued in leading positions at a local level for the entire nineteenth century.

Keywords: armed soldiers; bourgeois society; feudal power relation; pious knights



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