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Results Of The Historical Comparison

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals less with the general causes of the revolutionary processes that led to the emergence of bourgeois state power, than with the structural preconditions for the varying character of the bourgeois revolution. The revolutionary abolition of the royal right to grant privileges also worked in the same sense. In the process of revolutionising the generalised monarchical power, the feudal claims of the king on his 'tenants' were abolished, and along with them the offices for the 'administration' offiefs. In societies of the ancien-regime structural type, the dominant forms of rule were personal. Ruling competences were the possession of individuals through inheritance, purchase or transmission. The constitution of bourgeois state power presupposed the expropriation of these individuals without compensation. Such a process of expropriation did indeed take place over the duration of the ancien regime.

Keywords: bourgeois state power; feudal claims; monarchical power; revolutionary processes; tenants



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