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From Brazil To Europe: The Zoological Drawings Of Albert Eckhout And Georg Marcgraf

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the zoological drawings created in Brazil by Dutch painter Albert Eckhout and the German naturalist-illustrator Georg Marcgraf, whose images make up the majority of this visual corpus. As will beome clear, Eckhout's oil studies and Marcgraf 's watercolours drawings belong to separate visual traditions and demonstrate diverging priorities in their encounter with and reproduction of Brazilian nature. The chapter presents a discussion regarding the use of the images by Marcgraf and Eckhout in Europe after 1644, when the Count returned from Brazil to the Dutch Republic. The Brazilian drawings became part of the Libri picturati collection of natural history illustrations in the Elector's library, which later became the Royal Library in Berlin. By writing his own descriptions underneath many of the images, Johan Maurits became a 'princely practitioner' of New World natural history as well as the ruler of all he surveyed.

Keywords: Albert Eckhout; Brazil; Dutch Republic; Europe; Georg Marcgraf; Johan Maurits; Libri picturati ; Royal Library; zoological drawings



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