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The Years 39 And 41 C.E

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Chapter Summary

It has been assumed that the Jews went to Rome to beg the emperor to restore their civic rights and ancestral customs damaged in 38 C.E., or to lay claim to full Alexandrian citizenship. Philo's description of the phases of the trial, or pseudo-trial to credit his account, is in fact the language of the defendant. After reading Claudius' orders to both Alexandrians and Jews, the picture is as follows: Claudius restored and confirmed religious rights only to Jews with rights of residence in the small part of the δ quarter, that is, only to the descendants of the original colonizers; Claudius endorsed Flaccus' edict by refusing to improve the civic situation of all the other Jews and by making clear his intention to oppose Jewish immigration, a principle introduced in the edict.

Keywords: Alexandrian Riots; Claudius; Jews; Philo



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