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The Rights Of Residence Of Alexandrian Jews In The Ptolemaic Period

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Chapter Summary

Josephus states that Alexander gave the Jews the right to live in Alexandria. Philo confirms that the Jews were still called katoikoi under Roman rule, a definition that could not refer to their military status in his own time, as the Romans had dismantled the Ptolemaic defensive system, but which certainly preserves their civic status from their original settlement in the early Ptolemaic period. The papyrus on the foundation of Euergetis provides a pattern for understanding the logistics applied to building new cities, and submits a good indication of the use of the territory in those circumstances. Although it dates to the second century B.C.E. it may be used to figure how Alexandria came about one hundred years or so before. It is therefore also possible that quarters in Alexandria were given letter names as soon as the city plan was conceived and laid on the ground.

Keywords: Alexandrian Jews; Euergetis; Josephus; Ptolemaic period; Roman rule



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