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Ezekiel 1,26 in jewish mysticism and gnosis

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Chapter Summary

It is impossible to quote all passages, in which the Gnostic Anthropos is mentioned. Let it suffice to say that they all are derived from the meditations on the Glory of God in heterodox Jewish circles. Even the Primordial Adam of the Mandaeans must have the same origin. By identifying "paradise" and "third heaven" Saint Paul uses the terminology of Jewish mysticism. A Jew would have understood by implication that Paul had seen the "likeness as the appearance of a Man" like Ezekiel and later R. Akiba and R. Ishmael. Paul was not directly related to the mystical traditions of the Palestinian Pharisees. If he has been a Pharisee, and even a pupil of the Jerusalem teacher Gamaliel, his use of mystical terminology does not prove that these traditions existed already in strictly orthodox circles in Palestine in the first century of our Era.

Keywords: Ezekiel; Gnostic Anthropos; Jewish mysticism; Primordial Adam; Saint Paul



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