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Chapter Summary

In one passage of the Dialogue with Tryphon, Justin Martyr introduces a list of seven Jewish heresies (80, 4). One of the seven names on Justin's list has long presented great difficulty. The Meristae are mentioned third in a list that includes Sadducees, Genistae, Galilaeans, Helleniani, Pharisees and Baptistae. The Hebrew term for "heretic", "mīn", which may also mean "kind" or "genus", would have been translated into Greek according to the second of its meanings. Professor Hans Joachim Schoeps has attempted to assign Meristae to the same somewhat eccentric translation. Meristae, however, cannot be dismissed so curtly as Professor Schoeps has done. Another explanation of Meristae has been offered by A.M. Honeyman who refers it to a Hebrew, "mēras", a name he claims the authors of the Mishnah applied to the Christians.

Keywords: A.M. Honeyman; Dialogue with Tryphon; Hans Joachim Schoeps; Justin Martyr; Meristae



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