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Plotinus and the jewish gnostikoi

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Chapter Summary

Plotinus has traditionally been cast as a fire-proof rationalist, the crowning and consummation of Greek philosophy. Thirty years after the death of Plotinus, his pupil Porphyrius edited the writings of Plotinus. He constituted the text of the writings of Plotinus, cut the long treatise about the ideas of the heretics into four parts and gave to one of these treatises the title: Against the Gnōstikoi. In any case, in Porphyrius the term Gnōstikoi strictly and historically pertains to an originally Jewish sect, which originated in Alexandria, spread to Carthage and elsewhere, and also to Rome. The Apocalypse of Zoroaster was a text which originated in the Jewish sect of the Gnōstikoi. That is what Porphyrius tells us. The Apocalypse of Allogenes is another text of the Gnostic friends of Plotinus, which was also found in the collection of writings from Nag Hammadi.

Keywords: Against the Gnōstikoi; Apocalypse of Allogenes; Apocalypse of Zoroaster; Jewish Gnōstikoi; Nag Hammadi; Plotinus; Porphyrius



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