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The muslim Jesus

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Chapter Summary

Judaic Christianity is much nearer to Islam than Gentile Christian and Catholic Christianity. The Judaic Christian Gospel tradition is a more plausible source for Islamic Sayings of Jesus than the Canonical Gospels. There are many footmarks of the Judaic Christian Gospel tradition to be found in Islamic sources. An eight-century Muslim mystic called Al-Muhasibi quotes the Parable of the Sower in a form different from that of the Synoptic Gospels. The Gospel of Thomas does contain a certain number of so-called doublets. Doublets are two different versions of the same Saying of Jesus. Abd al-Jabbar transmits a Saying of Jesus which is nearer to the source than the same Logion in the Gospel of Luke. It bears the fingerprints of an Aramaic background, it reflects the biblical right of succession to the father and could only be translated correctly after its parallel in the Gospel of Thomas had been identified.

Keywords: Abd al-Jabbar; Al-Muhasibi; doublets; Judaic Christianity; Muslim Jesus

10.1163/ej.9789004139459.i-870.181
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