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The Holy Spirit according to the early Church

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Chapter Summary

Paul is familiar with the notion that the Spirit is a Paraclete, that is a person who intercedes and prays for man. The religion of the Jewish Christians was trinitarian. Even when the Christian revelation is expressed in Semitic categories, it receives a trinitarian differentiation. For the Syrian and the Jewish Christians, God was also Mother. It may also be recalled that for a long time Zinzendorf thought of the Holy Spirit as a Female. This chapter talks about Friedrich Loofs, who distinguished in addition to a pluralistic theology also an economical-trinitarian and soteriological theology in the Early Church. It was not until 359 before the doctrine concerning the Holy Spirit became an issue in the Church. In 381 it was established by an ecumenical synod. The chapter offers a brief sketch of the protagonists and emphasizes especially that this dogma is closely related to the practice of ecclesiastical life.

Keywords: Early Church; ecclesiastical theology; Friedrich Loofs; Holy Spirit; Jewish Christians; Paul; Syrian Christians



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