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The Holy Spirit as woman in Apocalypse 12

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Chapter Summary

Simone Weil seems to have been the first of all mankind to discern that the Woman in the Apocalypse chapter 12 was no one other than the Holy Spirit. Weil's friend and biographer Simone Pétrement, an expert on Gnosis who in her study on dualism stressed the importance of grace in Gnosticism and Manichaeism, has amplified this observation with well chosen arguments. Most patristic scholars know that the concept of Shekhinah played a very important role in kabbalistic and ḥasidic literature. This chapter presents a passage, which highlights that it is the Holy Spirit that is meant by the figure of the Woman. It is a well known fact that the Jewish Christians and the Syrian, Aramaic Christians, who received their faith from them, considered the Holy Spirit to be a female hypostasis. The Apocalypse of John is a typically Jewish Christian writing.

Keywords: Apocalypse 12; Aramaic Christians; Holy Spirit as woman; Jewish Christians; Shekhinah; Simone Weil; Syrian Christians

10.1163/ej.9789004139459.i-870.234
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