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The Diatessaron of Romanos

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Chapter Summary

The Dutch Diatessarons are based upon a deviant Latin Gospel harmony translated from Tatian's work. Examples provided in this chapter confirm that Romanos was familiar with the Diatessaron. Now not only the Syrian Macarius, but also the Syrian Romanos turns out to have known the Diatessaron, though both wrote in Greek. Macarius and Romanos might reveal that the Greek translation of the Diatessaron was still available and influential in the fourth and sixth centuries. But still more important is the problem whether or not Tatian has also integrated Jewish Christian gospel tradition into his "foursome". Ever since the beginning of critical scholarship with Hugo Grotius, this was generally accepted, although today quite a few text critics would tend to deny it, especially since the discovery of the Gospel of Thomas.

Keywords: Dutch Diatessarons; Gospel of Thomas; Greek; Jewish Christian Gospel tradition; Romanos; Syrian Macarius; Tatian



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