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Genius and Spirit

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Chapter Summary

The publication of the Coptic Gospel of Philip by Pahor Labib in 1956 has been of paramount importance for several reasons. Among other things it was only then that the relationship of Valentinus' concept of man with the Jewish Christian theology of the Holy Spirit could be established. In Acts 8:26-29, it is said that an angel of the Lord ordered Philip to go to the road which leads from Jerusalem to Gaza; whereupon the Spirit tells him to go to the carriage of the Ethiopian eunuch. The concept of a genius or daimôn was well known to the Jews in Palestine of Hellenistic times, who called the guardian angel iqonin (icon, image) and considered him to be the exact image and counterpart of the man to whom he belonged.

Keywords: genius; Gospel of Philip; Holy Spirit; Jewish Christian theology



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