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Gnosis and Culture

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Chapter Summary

Gnosis is the third component of European culture. There has always been faith, which goes back to Sinai and Golgotha. There has always been rationalism, which can be traced back to Athens and Ionia. C. G. Jung's interpretation of the Gospel of Truth and of Gnosticism in general was accurate. The gnostic is in search of God and of self. The symbol for this search was the Son of Man who revealed the Unknown God and at the same time represented the archetype and the idea of the human. The history of Islamic Gnosticism has been described by Heinz Halm. The Islamic Gnostics venerated for instance Kuni, the creative principle, who is feminine and they thought that there is nothing, no God, above her (a typically Gnostic theme).

Keywords: C.G. Jung; culture; gnosis; Islamic Gnosticism



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