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Christliche gnosis, jüdische gnosis, hermetische gnosis

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Chapter Summary

It is tempting to suppose that the gnostic myth of a threefold salvific descent of Sophia as God's agent into the world to redeem those who were able to realize their divine origins, as contained in the Trimorphic Protennoia, but also in the Pronoia Hymn from the long recension of the Gnostic Apocryphon of John, has influenced the Gospel. It has, however, been pointed out that such a pre-Christian myth of Sophia cannot be proved to have existed. It seems wiser to suppose that different and conflicting exegeses of the first chapter of Genesis are behind these writings. Unfortunately, such a threefold descent of a saviour cannot be constructed from the text of Genesis 1. It is, however, certain that such a concept did occur in Hermeticism and was adopted by Gnosticism. The threefold manifestation of a Saviour is now attested for a Jewish Apocalypse.

Keywords: Christian gnosis; Hermetic gnosis; Jewish gnosis

10.1163/ej.9789004139459.i-870.7
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