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The gospel of Thomas and the trial of Jesus

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Chapter Summary

According to the author, the Gospel of Thomas must contain part of the Gospel tradition of the Judaic Christians, the descendants of the primitive congregation of Jerusalem and could not possibly depend upon the synoptic Gentile Gospels Matthew and Luke or their common source, a Greek collection of logia called Q. The Gospel of Thomas is not Gnostic but encratitic and should be localised in the Christianity of Edessa in Mesopotamia, which always was ascetic and never Gnostic. In the Acts of the Apostles (6,14) some inhabitants of Jerusalem are said to have accused a Christian leader called Stephen of having said: ?Jesus the Nazoraean will break down this place (a Semitism for: this temple)'. Mark (14,58) and Matthew (26,61) report that this Saying was quoted during the trial of Jesus. They add that this was done by false witnesses.

Keywords: Edessa; Gospel of Thomas; Judaic Christians; Trial of Jesus



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