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Marcion and the text of the New Testament

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Chapter Summary

Two recent publications drew the attention of the author to the topic of the New Testament text known to Marcion. In the absence of comprehensive study of this topic, this chapter offers some remarks and underscores some points which might otherwise remain unnoticed. The first of the two publications which prompted the author to return to Marcion was John J. Clabeaux's 1983 Harvard dissertation. The second publication which led the author to reconsider this matter was Ulrich Schmid's 1993 Münster dissertation (published in 1995) on Marcion's text of Paul. Marcion, Valentinus, and Marcellina, the female teacher of the Gnostikoi, all rejected the Old Testament in the form of the Septuagint. To the three pillars above, one might add a fourth pillar to Roman Christianity: the creation of an authoritative redaction of the scriptures in the "Western" Text, a text which was specifically pointed at her opponents.

Keywords: apostle Paul; John J. Clabeaux; Marcellina; Marcion; New Testament; Roman Christianity; Ulrich Schmid; Valentinus



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