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Chapter Summary

The rebellion ended but despite the Flamme de la Paix ceremony, violence remained an integral part of politics and everyday life in Northern Mali. The Malian state made half-hearted attempts to reassume its powers in the North, while remaining faithful to its tradition to delegate state powers to local informal rulers. This delegation now included informalmilitary power in the hands of local political elites, while at the same time effortswere made to disarm the local civilian population. From the 1950s onwards the Malian Far North and its inhabitants had gained a sinister reputation as lazy anarchist nomads, racist slavers, and dangerous rebels. In the new century, in the international setting of 'War on Terror', the 'Clash of Civilisations' and the 'Global Village', they were framed in yet another stereotype: the potential 'Muslim fundamentalist terrorist'. This chapter gives a short presentation fitting these events in preceding histories and social-political structures.

Keywords: Clash of Civilisations; Flamme de la Paix ceremony; Global Village; local civilian population; local political elites; Muslim fundamentalist terrorist; Northern Mali; War on Terror



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