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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter consists of a radical rereading of the known material, both the CD texts available since 1910 and the fragmentary additions of the ten manuscripts found in the caves of Qumran. History plays an important role in MTA's theology. The chapter deals with analysis of the dozen ancient and medieval manuscripts in which the remains of MTA survive, attests to its unity. Prior to the publication of the Qumran manuscripts, some scrollists argued that the law originated independently from the remaining material. The Hebrew text of MTA is organized according to textual content and flow. Divergences in texts are discussed in the notes accompanying the text and translation. A series of tables demarcate parallel texts within MTA, especially the parallels between the Qumran manuscripts and the Genizah fragments.

Keywords: DSS history; Hebrew text; MTA; Qumran manuscripts



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