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Beyond Anne Frank Dutch (Pre-)Wartime Collaboration with Nazi Germany and Its Aftermath

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Chapter Summary

For the great trust which the Netherlands has enjoyed for many years as a result of its reputed pro-Jewish attitude during Second World War, and which is linked to name of Anne Frank, rests on a myth. The overwhelming evidence easily refutes the image of Dutch resisting Germans on a massive scale, and suffering because of fate of their Jewish fellow countrymen. Contrary to popular belief, a far from harmless rapprochement between the Dutch and Nazi Germany had already taken place during the interwar period. It is a remarkable fact that for most Dutch collaborators, their collaboration remained without consequences after the War. After 1935, close Dutch-German collaboration was apparent with regard to the arrest of 'Marxist and Jewish elements'. The immediate cause of this collaboration was the Dutch Government's fear of stream of refugees from German Saar that had advocated, on 13 January 1935, the Anschluß with German Reich.

Keywords: Anne Frank; Dutch-German collaboration; Nazi Germany; pro-Jewish attitude; Second World War



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