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VI. Ecological Safety Limits

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Chapter Summary

In the mid 1980s the United Kingdom argued that there was no scientific justification for making the same reductions of pollutants for all countries, as each situation was different, or as the 1988 Sophia Protocol recognized, 'the adverse environmental effects of emissions [of air pollutants] vary among countries'. The 1994 Protocol on further Sulphur Reductions was conscious of the need for a Protocol, 'to combat air pollution that takes account of the variations in effects and abatement costs between countries'. The 1999 Gothenburg Protocol concurred. Accordingly, it was suggested that the best way forward would be to work out the ecological limit for each ecosystem, before it would become irreversibly damaged by air pollutants, and make the necessary reductions accordingly within an effect-orientated scientific equation.

Keywords: 1988 Sophia Protocol; 1994 Protocol; 1999 Gothenburg Protocol; air pollutants; ecological limit



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