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IX. Restrictions In Pollutants

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Chapter Summary

The initial responses to the suspected depletion of the ozone layer, was by way of unilateral actions, in which individual countries, notably the United States, restricted or stabilized the emission rates of the non-essential utilization of ozone depleting substance (ODS). The developing countries (also known as 'Article 5' countries) which are signatories to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol have a different set of obligations with regard to the control of ODS. Most notably, developing countries were allowed to initially increase their consumption of ODS, for a period of ten years before they would be subject to CFC restrictions. Principle 21 was incorporated into matters of air pollution through the 1974 OECD Guidelines for Action to Reduce Emissions of Sulphur Oxides and Particular Matter from Fuel Combustion in Stationary Sources. Air Quality Standards (AQS) often accompany international control strategies to combat air pollution.

Keywords: air quality standards (AQS); Montreal Protocol; ozone depleting substance (ODS); ozone layer; particular matter; Principle 21; Vienna Convention



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