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XI. Evolving Legal Instruments

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Chapter Summary

The LRTAP and its supplementary protocols of 1984, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, and 1999 are recognized by its signatories as, 'an outstanding example of intergovernmental cooperation'. A large part of this success is due to the fact that the air pollution regime has continually evolved to confront changing problems. Before negotiations even began, the G7 stipulated that any future convention on climate should be a 'framework or umbrella convention' which should be built on with, 'specific protocols containing concrete commitments could be fitted into the framework as scientific evidence requires and permits'. The G7 argument was persuasive, and the eventual instrument was clearly labeled as the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). Building on this general recognition, COPs were obliged to, 'review the adequacy' of or assess, the implementation of the FCCC, its greenhouse gas control commitments, and the environmental, economic and social effects of the FCCC greenhouse gas policies.

Keywords: air pollution regime; FCCC; G7; greenhouse gas; LRTAP



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