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XII. Financing The Regimes

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Chapter Summary

Questions of which countries should contribute financially to the running of the new ozone regime, whether such funding should be voluntary or obligatory, and what the finance should be used for, were all subject to strong discussion as early as 1982. The primary discussion was the nature of the 'generating mechanism'. The three options suggested were the UN Scale of Assessment, costs divided equally amongst all signatories to the convention, or a type of polluter pays arrangement whereby countries which produce and/or consume ODS contribute in proportion to their ODS emissions. The financial procedures for the FCCC were agreed at the first COP in 1995. The funding of the core scientific work of the climate regime, as represented by the IPCC, is met through annual contributions from governments which are determined in accordance with the UN Scale of Assessments.

Keywords: climate regime; FCCC; financial support; ozone regime; UN Scale



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