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XIII. Country Groupings And Classifications

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Chapter Summary

A 'developing' country, for the purpose of the ozone regime, is, according to paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol, a country which has an annual level of consumption of ODS which is, 'less than 0.3 kilograms per capita on the date of entry of the Montreal Protocol, or at any time thereafter within ten years of the date of entry into force of the Protocol'. Countries which fulfill this requirement are known as 'Article 5 countries'. The inclusion of developing countries in the ozone regime was a clear goal within the negotiating process. The Montreal Protocol also recognized that, 'special attention to the needs and circumstances of the developing countries' was required, and accordingly, the Parties agreed to, 'co-operate in promoting technical assistance to facilitate participation in and implementation of this Protocol'.

Keywords: Article 5 countries; Montreal Protocol; ODS; ozone regime

10.1163/ej.9789004145207.i-405.57
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