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XIV. Non-Governmental Organizations

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Chapter Summary

Ten years before the Vienna Convention was concluded, UNEP proposed that appropriate non-governmental organizations (NGOs), of both the environmental and industry based types, be involved in the negotiation process. The inclusion of environmental NGOs followed their relative success in two areas. First, they successfully brought to the public attention the dangers of ODS. Second, NGOs were successful in recognizing and influencing the fact that a certain amount of ODS utilization could be linked to consumer behavior. Since the outset of NGO involvement in the formation of negotiations for an international instrument on climate change in 1990, and its subsequent operation, NGOs have had a discernable influence in this regime, as their numbers have climbed from over 177 NGOs at the first COP in 1995, to 267 at the ninth COP in 2003. NGOs had a strong influence in the formation of international responses to air pollution.

Keywords: air pollution; non-governmental organizations (NGOs); ODS utilization; UNEP; Vienna Convention



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