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XVI. Technology Transfer

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Chapter Summary

The ideal of technology being transferred to developing from developed countries dates back to the first UN Conference on Science and Technology for the benefit of LDCs in 1963. The general principle to facilitate technology transfer has also been supplemented by specific agreements, such as the Basel Convention on the Trade in Toxic Wastes, and the Energy Charter Treaty. The transfer of new technologies that resulted in reduced emissions of ODS, was a matter of principle for many developing countries in the ozone negotiations, as they feared that the 'clean' new technologies being developed in the industrialized countries could quickly become monopolies, which leave the developing world economically vulnerable. The idea that the new technologies which reduce greenhouse gas emissions, should be transferred from developed to developing countries, was a commonly articulated principle in the negotiations leading up to the FCCC.

Keywords: Basel Convention; Energy Charter Treaty; FCCC; greenhouse gas emissions; ODS; technology transfer

10.1163/ej.9789004145207.i-405.68
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