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XX. The Limits Of Efficiencies And Change With Technological Options

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Chapter Summary

This chapter first discusses alternative new energy sources. The full economic costs of nuclear energy are factored in, that by 2020, nuclear energy could cost (3.0 to 4.5 pence per kilowatt hours) more than double the comparable financial costs for on-shore wind energy (1.5 to 2.5) and more expensive than offshore wind energy (2.0 to 4.0). It may even be more expensive than wave energy (3.0 to 6.0). The chapter also describes the technological limits for air pollution and climate change from stationary sources and mobile sources. Transitional ODS are substances which have a lesser environmental impact than the original ODS. The response of the Parties to the ozone regime has been to consider each generation of substance as transitional, and phase each problematic chemical out in turn, as none of the alternatives have been found to be without environmental cost.

Keywords: air pollution; climate change; financial costs; mobile source; non-nuclear energy sources; nuclear energy source; ozone regime; stationary source



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