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Chapter Summary

Art. 18 establishes a term of protection of at least seven years for the initial registration of a trademark. Thereafter, provided that the conditions for renewal are fulfilled, the registration is indefinitely renewable, each renewal lasting for at least another seven years. The seven-year term of protection reflects the compromise reached between the industrialized countries, which favoured a ten-year protection period, and efforts of the developing countries to leave the issue of the term of protection up to national legislators. International trademark registration equally enjoys ten-year protection under Art. 6.1 PMAM, renewable for another ten years pursuant to Art. 7 PMAM.

Keywords: international trademark registration; PMAM; term of protection



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