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Before Articles 22-24

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Chapter Summary

Geographical indications of origin identify the place of manufacture, and thus carry a certain reputation with regard to the product. They allocate a good or service to a certain geographical area. They appear in many different grammatical forms, often, they take the form of an adjective preceding the product's name (e.g. Vienna sausages, Swiss clocks), or they follow it using a preposition, as in most French designations. Certification marks are collective marks which identify goods or performances of numerous commercial entities as conforming to a certain standard of quality. The major purposes of geographical indications are the concept of origin and the concept of quality. Geographical indications of origin will always face direct application or other exploitation of its reputation through non-residents or products of lesser quality and therefore run the risk of their value being misused and even reduced. This chapter also discusses international protection of geographical indications.

Keywords: concept of origin; concept of quality; geographical indications



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