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Annex on Air Transport Services

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Chapter Summary

The Annex Air Transport Services (ATS) largely minimizes its impact by carving most air transport services out of the scope of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). One core doctrine underlying the Chicago System is the customary international law doctrine of airspace sovereignty where states enjoy full national sovereignty over the use and non-use of the airspace above their territory. The Annex ATS is a compromise between those states which wanted to retain the (bilateral) Chicago System at the time of the Uruguay Round and those states which wanted to bring international aviation into the multilateral World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Keywords: air transport services (ATS); airspace sovereignty; GATS



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