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The late Lukács and the Budapest school

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Chapter Summary

A survivor of the Soviet repression of the 1956 Hungarian uprising, Lukács explicitly made his ontology of social being a new theoretical basis for a democratic revival of real socialism. Lukács abandons the subject-object dialectic embodied in the class consciousness of the proletariat, charged with overcoming the bourgeois separation between subject and object via the teleology of history. Heller and Markus activity unfolded in two phases. The first phase involved exploiting the standpoint of the ontology of social being against Marxist-Leninist dialectical materialism and rethinking Marx's contribution. The second phase of the activity of the Budapest school thinkers initiates a chapter of post-Marxism. Heller has produced a multi-faceted, original oeuvre, close to Habermas, focused on the urgency of developing a theory of modernity.

Keywords: Budapest school; Heller; Late Lukács; Markus; Marxism



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