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Compliance With The Multilateral Environmental Agreements To Protect The Ozone Layer

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Chapter Summary

The United Nations Environment Programme recognized the serious threat of potential ozone depletion and established, in 1977, a Coordinating Committee on the Ozone Layer to study the issue and suggest scientific solutions to the problem. The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985 is the first response of the world's governments to the problem. The Vienna Convention, in Article 11 and in Decision 7 of the First Conference of the Parties (COP) in 1989, provided for an elaborate procedure for settlement of disputes between Parties. The Convention prescribed reporting on many substances but these reporting obligations were waived by Decision VCIII/4 of the third COP as reporting on ozone-depleting substances (ODS) under the Montreal Protocol was considered sufficient. Article 8 of the Protocol specified that the Parties should approve procedures and institutions for determining non-compliance by Parties and for treatment of Parties found to be in non-compliance.

Keywords: Montreal Protocol; non-compliance procedure; Ozone Layer; settlement of disputes; Vienna Convention



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