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Compliance With The 1992 Convention On The Protection Of The Environment Of The Baltic Sea Area (The "Helsinki Convention")

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Chapter Summary

The subject-matter of this chapter concerns the problem of compliance with the provisions of the 1992 Helsinki Convention and the accepted recommendations of the Baltic Sea Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), which is a body established by the Convention. The assessment of the compliance involves a more complicated process, as it involves, the provision of the necessary administrative procedures for the enforcement of the respective rules on the national level. There are numerous procedures of compliance assessment: co-operation; the possibility of compliance assessment; assistance in cases of non-compliance; settling of disputes; the special compliance procedures. It may be said from the outset that the only form of the compliance assessment within the structure of the Helsinki Convention is the reporting. Therefore the chapter evaluates, firstly, working of the reporting system, and secondly, the level of compliance with the HELCOM recommendations.

Keywords: 1992 Helsinki Convention; Baltic Sea Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM); compliance assessment



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