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Comment On The Compliance Control Mechanism Within The Framework Of The International Whaling Convention

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Chapter Summary

It is important to realise at the outset first how prolonged resistance to establishment of any international body to supervise whaling activities has been and then, once an International Whaling Commission (IWC) was established in 1946 by conclusion of the International Convention for Regulation of Whaling (ICRW), how prolonged the resistance to equipping it with powers or other techniques to ensure conformity with any regulations negotiated within that body. The softer "compliance" approach, rather than the adversarial "enforcement" technique for ensuring conformity to conservatory regulations was alien to the language and techniques of the ICRW itself. This chapter attempts to "modernise" the ICRW and the IWC's policies by infusion of modern measures for promoting marine environmental protection, sustainable development and "compliance" techniques reveals.

Keywords: compliance techniques; International Convention for Regulation of Whaling (ICRW); International Whaling Commission (IWC); marine environmental protection; sustainable development



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