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Wisdom And The Torah: 4qbeatitudes (4q525)

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Chapter Summary

The beatitude collection of 4Q525, and its contribution to synoptic beatitudes, has dominated academic interest in this composition. 4QBeatitudes is a wisdom text designed for instruction of students. The text instills ethical ideals such as humility, a pure heart and dedication to the Torah. One is urged to acquire wisdom. Members of the intended audience are given the prospect of becoming great teachers and the text assumes that they will interact with influential people. 4Q525 is similar to 4Q185. This document also contains beatitudes associated with search for wisdom and encourages fidelity to the Torah. These compositions personify wisdom as a woman, but neither attests a full blown portrait of Lady Wisdom. The latter proclaims fiery judgment in a manner reminiscent of Jewish apocalypses, whereas this is never the case in 4QBeatitudes. The rewards of wisdom according to both 4Q525 and 4Q185 are in general this-worldly and consistent with Proverbs.

Keywords: 4Q525; 4QBeatitudes; Jewish apocalypses; Proverbs; synoptic beatitudes; Torah; wisdom text



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