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Chapter Summary

The prefix ba- is, broadly stated, a middle marker, or more precisely, to distinguish it in a meaningful way from imma-, a medio-passive marker. This chapter begins the discussion of the relationship between ba- and the semantics of low transitivity by exemplifying the prefix's primary middle-voice functions That ba- serves to signal the passive is, of course, unremarkable in light of the close relationship that exists between the contiguous categories of the passive and the middle. The chapter examines a defining characteristic of ba- that takes its place beside patiency, namely, the related property of inanimacy. In light of the Sumerian idiom and its particular rendering in Akkadian, it also discusses the grammatical texts, which provide the most extensive evidence for the correlation of ba- and imma- with Akkadian t-forms in the Old Babylonian period.

Keywords:Akkadian t-forms; ba-; imma-; medio-passive marker; Sumerian idiom



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