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The European Security and Defence Policy: Coming of Age?

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Chapter Summary

The European Union (EU) gave birth to a new European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) at the Nice summit, December 2000. This chapter asserts that the ESDP represents a geopolitical phenomenon that Moravcsik grants insufficient explanatory weight, but which does not amount to an ineluctable trend. The chapter first provides an overview of the ESDP as the Nice report defines it in terms of policies, institutions, capabilities, and allies. Secondly, it traces the game played by major ESDP states, beginning with the situation created by the Amsterdam Treaty in 1997, continuing through the St. Malo declaration in December 1998 to the Helsinki summit in December 1999, and finally turning to the endgame before Nice. Finally, it examines the pertinence of the theory central to this book, Andrew Moravcsik's liberal intergovernmentalism, in light of geopolitical dynamics.

Keywords: Amsterdam treaty; Andrew Moravcsik; European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP); European Union (EU); geopolitical theory; liberal intergovernmentalism; Nice summit



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