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The Charter of Fundamental Rights: Novel Method on the Way to the Nice Treaty

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Chapter Summary

On 7 December 2000, the European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights was solemnly proclaimed in Nice at the summit of Heads of State and Government. These rights were gathered in six sections: Dignity, Freedoms, Equality, Solidarity, Citizens' rights, and Justice. The principles which are at the heart of these sections are based on the fundamental rights and freedoms recognised by the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), the constitutional traditions of the EU Member States, the Council of Europe's Social Charter, the Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights of Workers and other international conventions. This chapter shows how the Charter of Fundamental Rights was elaborated by a new body named Convention which is the forerunner of the Convention on the Future of Europe. The evolution of the Charter from a political declaration to a legally binding document is also subject of analysis.

Keywords: European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR); European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights; Nice treaty; political declaration



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