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Comparison with Related International Human Rights Standards

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Chapter Summary

The first international declaration, the Declaration of Geneva of 1924, is most limited in its scope. In 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. There are provisions in this tailored to children. Motherhood and childhood are to be entitled to special care and assistance, and children born out of wedlock are to enjoy the same social protection. Two years later in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR) was adopted. In 1959 the UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child was proclaimed. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 (ICESCR) recognises children in several of its Articles. The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is the most significant.

Keywords: Hague Convention; ICESCR; International human rights; UN Declaration



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